TOPIC 6: EXPRESSING LIKES AND DISLIKE | ENGLISH FORM 1
The student should be able to express likes/dislikes. The students are introduced to these aspects so that they can be able to express fluently the things they like, the things they dislike, the things their friends and parents like, and the things their friends and parents (or family members) dislike. These aspects also help students to express their hobbies in life, their friends’ hobbies as well.
The word like (v) means to be sound as or pleased with from the verb we get the word like (vi) and dislike (Ti) opposite or antonym.
Grammatically likes/ dislike are not nouns but only used in everyday talks (spoken English) whether like or dislike the force behind them are human feeling, taste experience traditions.
Usually like and dislike are expressed in non-verbal forms of communication such as gesturers, social expressions movement nodding.
Non- verbal –communication is also called body language
Question : what game do you like most?
Answer : I like football and boxing
Question : what music do you like most?
Answer : I like bongo flava
Question : what drink do you like most?
Answer : I like orange Juice only
The most suitable is ……..to…………
Example: I prefer——— to———-
(i) I prefer tea to coffee
(ii) I prefer English to Kiswahili
(iii) I prefer reading to writing
Make ten (10) sentences using the following words below
ACTIVITIES AND GAMES TO FACILITATE A LESSON
BRAINSTORMING AND PRE-ACTIVITY
A teacher cooperates with students in brainstorming about the meaning of the terms; ‘like‘ and ‘dislike‘.
Pre-Activity: A teacher may ask students the day before the lesson to prepare or collect pictures of the things they like. They should be free to come with family pictures or any pictures from magazines or old newspapers’ pictures.
Also during a lesson, teacher may allow students to go outside the class and collect or pick anything portable they like and bring them in the class.
EXPRESSING LIKES AND DISLIKES BY USING APPROPRIATE SENTENCE PATTERNS AND VOCABULARY
A teacher to provide or display pictures (four to five pictures) which have the things he/she likes and those he/she dislike. Then he tells his/her students that he likes or dislike each of the things in the pictures by using appropriate sentences. A teacher can use his/her own pictures/family pictures or cut some pictures of the things he/she likes or dislikes from newspapers or magazines. The familiar pictures are more relevant in this activity.
Also a teacher may use the pictures and other things brought by students during the lesson. Because a teacher ordered them to bring them in the class, a teacher now can allow students to express themselves how they like the things they have collected outside the class.
After guiding students on how to express likes and dislikes by using his or her own things or pictures, a teacher should discuss with students on the appropriate patterns and sentence structures as well as vocabulary to use when constructing sentences with likes and dislikes.
The following are common patterns and sentence structures:
Do you like ……..?
I like playing.
We like singing.
Does he/she like ……?
No, she/he doesn’t’t like……
Yes, she/he likes ……..
What does he/she like?
The teacher can also discuss with students on the appropriate vocabulary and phrases. These vocabularies should be relevant to their local environments so that they can understand them easily. Some of the common vocabularies used are:
Greeting relatives, fishing, jokes, travelling, singing, like, dislike, hobby, sports, swimming, cooking, watching TV, laziness, hunting, dancing, and hard working.
PRACTICING IN PAIRS OR GROUPS
Now it is a time for students to practice. Students to be in pairs and express their likes and dislikes of the things in the photos they have brought from home or find. The pictures should be decent by appearance. They can express the likes and dislikes by using even the things a teacher may have ordered them go and pick outside the class.
STUDENTS IN PAIRS: DIALOGUE
When they are in pairs, students can ask themselves questions and give the answers. For example, if there is Student A and B; a Student A can hold some flowers and Student B can hold a piece of chalk. Then they can exchange words like this:
STUDENT A: Do you like chalk?
STUDENT B: Yes, I like chalk.
STUDENT A: Why do you like chalk?
STUDENT B: I like chalk because I like teaching.
Then Student B can again start asking Student A about flowers and why he/she likes flowers.
A teacher to guide students to write what they their friends/their parents like or dislike. Here students express likes and dislikes by using Third personal pronouns (singular and plural) and names of people.
This is the writing activity. The students should form groups and write the good dialogues on expressing likes and dislikes of others especially by using Third Personal Pronouns.
STUDENTS IN PAIRS: DIALOGUE
This is another pair practice in which students talk about other people by using Third personal pronouns. Here they express how their parents, friends, relatives, and classmates like or dislike the things.
Student A can talk to Student B how his/her parents like or dislike things. For example:
STUDENT A: Do your parents like to pray?
STUDENT B: Yes, my parents like to pray.
STUDENT A: Why your parents like praying?
STUDENT B: They like praying because it is the way to be close to God.
STUDENT A: Does your father like laziness?
STUDENT B: No, my father dislikes laziness.
After submitting their works, a teacher can choose the best works and display them in the class or on the school boards.
GRAMMAR PRACTICE: Form and Function of the Sub Topic:
Expressing likes and dislikes involves the use of Simple Present and Third Personal Pronouns. These are the core grammatical forms in this sub topic. A teacher can guide students to discuss the correct expressions used when expressing likes and dislikes:
CORRECT EXPRESSIONS WHEN EXPRESSING LIKES, DISLIKES
To talk about the things you like, you can use these expressions:
I ‘m crazy about…
I’m mad about…
I’m keen on…
To talk about the things you dislike, you use the following expressions:
I don’t like…
I can’t bear…
I can’t stand…
EXPRESSING LIKES AND DISLIKES AT THE SAME TIME
Expressing likes and dislikes at the same time involve the use of the conjunction but so as to combine the sentences well.
I like eating, but I hate cooking.
I’m mad about football, but I can’t bear netball.
Juma likes discussion, but he dislikes homework.
I adore reading poetry, but I loathe doing the homework.
Students like passing exams, but they don’t stand studying hard.
I neither like dancing nor hate it.
Things to remember about likes and dislikes:
- Mostly, these expressions have the following sentence structure: SUBJECT+LIKE/DISLIKE+VERB+-ING.
I like playing football.
Asha likes listening to the BongoFleva Music.
I like listening to music.
I hate wearing sunglasses.
Note that” very much” & ” a lot ” always come after the things you like or dislike.
I like swimming very much.
I like football very much/a lot.
I like dancing a lot.
Use “I don’t mind…” with a great care.
See the following examples:
“Do you mind playing football?”
“No, I don’t mind.”(Although it’s in a negative form, it means that it’s ok for me. I neither love it nor hate it.)
Expressing likes and dislikes is a practical language skill every student should have. This skill helps students to effectively and fluently express their likes, hobbies, and dislikes as well as likes, hobbies, and dislikes of their friends, parents and other family members by using appropriate third personal pronouns ( singular and plural).
It’s is important to apply dialogues and more pair activities because it is these activities that can help students understand expressing likes and dislikes properly.