This is a short sound, word or phrase spoken suddenly to express an emotion or strong feeling.

An interjection has no grammatical connection with other words in a sentence. It should be set off with commas or an exclamation mark.

For example Oh!, Look out!, Ow!, wow!, whew!, Alas! Hurrah!, bravo!, , shit, Gosh, Bravo, lo, are interjections.


used when you are reacting to something that has been said, especially if you did not know it before

‘I saw Ben yesterday.’ ‘Oh yes, how is he?’

Oh dear! What’s happened now?

You can’t come tonight? Oh well, see you next week then.

 ‘Emmy has a new job.’ ‘Oh, has she?’


Used to express surprise, fear, joy, etc.

Oh, how wonderful!

Oh no, I’ve broken it!


Used to express great surprise or admiration

Wow! You look terrific!

Wow! What a beautiful car!


Used to show you are sad or sorry

For many people, alas, hunger is part of everyday life.

Hurrah! /hurray/hooray, Used to show that you are happy or that you approve of something.

 HurrayWe won!

Ow! Used to express sudden pain

Ow! That hurt!


People say Bravo! At the end of something they have enjoyed, such as a play at the theatre

Bravo! This was wonderful!


People say ‘Gosh!’

Gosh, is that the time?


A swear word that many people find offensive, used to show that you are angry or annoyed


Shit! I’ve lost my keys!


Used for calling attention to a surprising thing

An extra skittle was added and, lo, tenpin bowling was born.


A sound that people make to show that they are surprised or relieved about something or that they are very hot or tired.

Whew—and I thought it was serious!

Ten grand? Whew!


A sound that people make to show that they are hot, tired, or happy that sth bad has finished or did not happen

Phew, it’s hot in here!

Phew, I’m glad that’s all over.

Interjections are small words that bear no grammatical connection with the sentences in which they are used. They express the emotions or sentiments of the speaker or convey hesitation or protest. They are usually followed by an exclamation mark (or comma).

Since many interjections are mainly written forms of actual sounds that were produced by humans, they are hardly used in academic or scholarly writing, unless they are a part of a direct quote or otherwise.

  • Ah! Now that’s what I call a good shot! Bravo!

Both Ah and Bravo are interjections used to show the speaker’s admiration in the sentence. There are many different uses for various interjections; the following is a list of the common interjections you may hear around you in daily life

List of Interjections & Examples

Interjection Meaning
Interjection Examples
Aah Exclamation of fear Aah! The monster’s got me!
Ahh Realization or acceptance Ahh, now I see what you mean.
Aww Something sweet or cute Aww! Just look at that kitten.
Bingo Acknowledge something as right Bingo! That’s exactly what we were looking for!
Eh Question something So that was all she said, eh?
Eww Something disgusting Eww! That movie was so gory.
Hmph To indicate displeasure Hmph. I could do that for half the amount he charged.
Oh I see/ I think Oh, it’s been around a week since I saw her.
Oops Making a mistake Oops! Sorry I didn’t see those skates there.
Ouch Exclamation of pain Ouch, that hurt! Stop pinching me!
Shh An indication for silence Shh! The show is about to start.
Uh oh Showing dismay Uh oh! The teacher’s caught him.
Whew Amazement and/or relief Whew! I can’t believe we actually finished it all.
Wow Expressing surprise or admiration Wow! That’s really great news!
Yay/Yaay Congratulatory exclamation I can’t believe you’re actually coming here! Yaay!
Yeah Variant of ‘yes’ Yeah, I’d love some orange juice.
Yikes For fear or concern (not serious) Yikes, my mother’s home!
Yippee Exclamation of celebration Yippee! We won, lets head to the bar.

Some interjections are used to stall for time or indicate that the speaker is thinking of something.

These interjections are also used when someone doesn’t know what to say. The following is a list of these sounds or words; they are also called Hesitation Devices:

Interjection Meaning
Interjection Examples
Uh Indicates a pause/ need for more time Wait I know this… uh… is it Ruskin Bond?
Hmm Thinking/Hesitating about something Hmm, I’m not sure this colour is the best for this room.
Er Not knowing what to say I don’t think…er… wait… let me call my boss.
Um Pausing or being skeptical Not that I don’t believe you but, um, you say it’s a ghost?


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