This is a short sound, word or phrase spoken suddenly to express an emotion or strong feeling.
An interjection has no grammatical connection with other words in a sentence. It should be set off with commas or an exclamation mark.
For example Oh!, Look out!, Ow!, wow!, whew!, Alas! Hurrah!, bravo!, , shit, Gosh, Bravo, lo, are interjections.
used when you are reacting to something that has been said, especially if you did not know it before
‘I saw Ben yesterday.’ ‘Oh yes, how is he?’
Oh dear! What’s happened now?
You can’t come tonight? Oh well, see you next week then.
‘Emmy has a new job.’ ‘Oh, has she?’
Used to express surprise, fear, joy, etc.
Oh, how wonderful!
Oh no, I’ve broken it!
Used to express great surprise or admiration
Wow! You look terrific!
Wow! What a beautiful car!
Used to show you are sad or sorry
For many people, alas, hunger is part of everyday life.
Hurrah! /hurray/hooray, Used to show that you are happy or that you approve of something.
Hurray! We won!
Ow! Used to express sudden pain
Ow! That hurt!
People say Bravo! At the end of something they have enjoyed, such as a play at the theatre
Bravo! This was wonderful!
People say ‘Gosh!’
Gosh, is that the time?
A swear word that many people find offensive, used to show that you are angry or annoyed
Shit! I’ve lost my keys!
Used for calling attention to a surprising thing
An extra skittle was added and, lo, tenpin bowling was born.
A sound that people make to show that they are surprised or relieved about something or that they are very hot or tired.
Whew—and I thought it was serious!
Ten grand? Whew!
A sound that people make to show that they are hot, tired, or happy that sth bad has finished or did not happen
Phew, it’s hot in here!
Phew, I’m glad that’s all over.
Interjections are small words that bear no grammatical connection with the sentences in which they are used. They express the emotions or sentiments of the speaker or convey hesitation or protest. They are usually followed by an exclamation mark (or comma).
Since many interjections are mainly written forms of actual sounds that were produced by humans, they are hardly used in academic or scholarly writing, unless they are a part of a direct quote or otherwise.
- Ah! Now that’s what I call a good shot! Bravo!
Both Ah and Bravo are interjections used to show the speaker’s admiration in the sentence. There are many different uses for various interjections; the following is a list of the common interjections you may hear around you in daily life
List of Interjections & Examples
|Aah||Exclamation of fear||Aah! The monster’s got me!|
|Ahh||Realization or acceptance||Ahh, now I see what you mean.|
|Aww||Something sweet or cute||Aww! Just look at that kitten.|
|Bingo||Acknowledge something as right||Bingo! That’s exactly what we were looking for!|
|Eh||Question something||So that was all she said, eh?|
|Eww||Something disgusting||Eww! That movie was so gory.|
|Hmph||To indicate displeasure||Hmph. I could do that for half the amount he charged.|
|Oh||I see/ I think||Oh, it’s been around a week since I saw her.|
|Oops||Making a mistake||Oops! Sorry I didn’t see those skates there.|
|Ouch||Exclamation of pain||Ouch, that hurt! Stop pinching me!|
|Shh||An indication for silence||Shh! The show is about to start.|
|Uh oh||Showing dismay||Uh oh! The teacher’s caught him.|
|Whew||Amazement and/or relief||Whew! I can’t believe we actually finished it all.|
|Wow||Expressing surprise or admiration||Wow! That’s really great news!|
|Yay/Yaay||Congratulatory exclamation||I can’t believe you’re actually coming here! Yaay!|
|Yeah||Variant of ‘yes’||Yeah, I’d love some orange juice.|
|Yikes||For fear or concern (not serious)||Yikes, my mother’s home!|
|Yippee||Exclamation of celebration||Yippee! We won, lets head to the bar.|
Some interjections are used to stall for time or indicate that the speaker is thinking of something.
These interjections are also used when someone doesn’t know what to say. The following is a list of these sounds or words; they are also called Hesitation Devices:
|Uh||Indicates a pause/ need for more time||Wait I know this… uh… is it Ruskin Bond?|
|Hmm||Thinking/Hesitating about something||Hmm, I’m not sure this colour is the best for this room.|
|Er||Not knowing what to say||I don’t think…er… wait… let me call my boss.|
|Um||Pausing or being skeptical||Not that I don’t believe you but, um, you say it’s a ghost?|