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TEACHING ENGLISH  BEGINNERS

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GREETINGS AND INTRODUCTION

GREETINGS

Hi!        Hi!

Hello! Hello!

Good morning Mr. Sebastian/morning Mr. Sebastian?

Good afternoon……..?

Good evening………..?

Goodnight…………….?

How are you?                                    Fine, thanks. And you?

How have you been?                         Very well. And you?

 

    How are things?                  Not too bad, thanks.

How is your wife/son?         She/he is fine.

How do you do?                  How do you do!

 

INTRODUCTION

Introducing oneself

Can/ May I introduce myself? My name’s Sean.

Let me introduce myself. My name’s ….

I would like to introduce myself. I’m ….

I don’t think we have met. I’m ….

Introducing someone else

Can/ May I introduce a good friend of mine? This is ….

Have you met …?

I’d like you to meet ….

I want you to meet ….

(E.g. this is Peter.

He is 34 years old

He lives in Paris

His job is in the Accounts Department in a perfume manufacturing company)

Making contact

Excuse me, are you Mrs. …?        –       Yes, that’s right.

Hello, you must be Mrs. ….

You are Mr. …, aren’t you?

Have we met?

How do you do?               –                 How do you do?

Nice to meet you.             –                 Nice to meet you, too.

Please, call me ….             –                 Then you must call me ….

Good-byes

Good bye/ Bye/ I’ll say good bye/ See you later/ See you soon.

I must go now.

I (really) must be going.

I must be off.

I’m afraid I’ve got to go.

It’s getting (very/ rather) late.

I’ll miss my train.

They’re calling my flight.

I’ve got some things to prepare for ….

I’ve got a lot to do this afternoon.

I want to get away before the traffic gets too bad.

I’ve enjoyed talking to you.

It’s been (most) interesting talking to you.

It’s been a very useful meeting/ nice afternoon.

Thanks for everything.

Thank you for (all) your help.

Thank you for coming.

Have a good/ safe trip/ flight.          – Thank you … (same to you).

Have a good weekend.                     –          Same to you.

Enjoy the rest of your stay.                –        Same to you.

It was nice meeting you.     –   I really enjoyed meeting you, too.

I hope to see you again.                    –        I hope so, too.

See you on the 13th.                         –        See you.

I look forward to our next meeting.

I look forward to seeing you again.

I look forward to seeing you when you’re next in London.

3 Think of the most suitable reaction to the following phrases.

A) How are you? ……………………………………………………………

b) How do you do? ……………………………………………………………

c) Pleased to meet you. ……………………………………………………………

d) It was nice meeting you. ……………………………………………………………

e) Have a good weekend. ……………………………………………………………

f) See you next month. ……………………………………………………………

g) You must be Sean Sebastian. ……………………………………………………………

h) I hope to see you again. ……………………………………………………………

2 Complete the following conversations with the most appropriate words or phrases.

 

(a) M = Martin, S = Sebastian

M  Excuse me, ____________ Sebastian Mbwillow?

S  Yes, that’s ____________.

M  May I ____________ myself? I’m Martin Young. How do you do?

S  ____________, Mr. Young.

(b) C = Chris, F = Frank

C Hello, Chris Evans. Mind if I join you?

F Oh, ____________ not. Frank Richards.

C ____________ to meet you, Frank. So how are you finding the conference so far?

F Actually, I’ve only arrived this morning.

C All right. I …

(c) L = Lin, D = Dan, P = Peter

L Dan! Good to see you again. ____________ are things?

D Hello, Lin. Fine, thanks. Pretty busy, as always, I suppose. Can I introduce you to a colleague of

____________, Peter Winston? Peter, this is Lin Farrell.

P Nice to meet you, Ms Farrell.

L Nice to meet you, too. ____________, call me Lin.

P Then you ____________ call me Peter.

SELF INTRODUCTION

Particulars

  1. First name
  2. Middle name
  3. Sir name
  4. Religion
  5. Nationality
  6. Region
  7. Tribe
  8. age
  • What is your name?
  • Where are you worshiping?
  • Where are coming from?
  • To which religion are you belonging?
  • What is your tribe?

My name is Sebastian N mbwillow, I come from Makete, but now I’m living at Luhanga. I was born in 1999. I am 40 years old. My religion is Islamic and my tribe is Chaga. My nationality is Tanzanian. I am working as a store keeper at Urafiki industry.

Are Mr. mbwillow?

  • Yes, I am.
  • No! I’m Peter. From Mugabe primary school, I’m here to greet you.

NUMBERS

1 CARDINAL NUMBERS

1 one           11 eleven               21 twenty-one                 40 forty

2 two           12 twelve               22 twenty-two                  50 fifty

3 three         13 thirteen             23 twenty-three                60 sixty

4 four           14 fourteen            24 twenty-four                  70 seventy

5 five           15 fifteen               25 twenty-five                  80 eighty

6 six             16 sixteen              26 twenty-six                   90 ninety

7 seven        17 seventeen          27 twenty-seven               100 a/ one hundred

8 eight         18 eighteen            28 twenty-eight                1,000 a/ one thousand

9 nine           19 nineteen            29 twenty-nine                 10,000 ten thousand

10 ten          20 twenty               30 thirty                 100,000 a/ one hundred thousand

Note the spelling!

Three           thirteen                  thirty

Four             fourteen                 forty

Five              fifteen                   fifty

101                             one hundred and one (BrE)/ one hundred one (AmE)

165                             one hundred and sixty-five

1,000                         one thousand

1,060                         one thousand and sixty

1,265                         one thousand, two hundred and sixty-five

1,000,000                 one million

1,000,000,000          one billion

Note:

One hundred                    two hundred

One thousand                   three thousand

One million                       four million

But you say: hundreds of students, thousands of birds, millions of people

ORDINATE NUMBERS

first                 eleventh                 twenty-first                      fortieth

second           twelfth                  twenty-second                  fiftieth

third               thirteenth              twenty-third                     sixtieth

fourth             fourteenth              twenty-fourth                   seventieth

fifth              fifteenth                 twenty-fifth                      eightieth

sixth             sixteenth                twenty-sixth                     ninetieth

seventh        seventeenth            twenty-seventh                 hundredth

eighth          eighteenth              twenty-eighth

ninth            nineteenth              twenty ninth

tenth            twentieth                thirtieth

Note the spelling!

Five             fifth

Twelve         twelfth

Twenty         twentieth

When using numbers in sentences note the following points:

For numbers below ten, words are often preferable to numerals:

Not There were 4 students missing in the class.

Use There were four students missing in the class.

Use numerals for page numbers, dates, figures, addresses and with %:

Not twenty-third July , Fig. six, Two Eastwood Rd., three %

Use 23 July, Fig. 6, 2 Eastwood Rd., 3%

For ordinate numbers, words are often preferable to numerals:

Not This is our 7th project in the last two years.

Use This is our seventh project in the last two years.

Do not use two numerals in succession:

Not 3 4 man teams

Use Three four-man teams

Do not use numerals at the beginning of a sentence:

Not 10 students failed in the examination.

Use Ten students failed in the examination.

Do not use numerals for round number estimates:

Not We have done roughly 20 exercises this week.

Use We have done roughly twenty exercises this week.

FRACTIONS

½         a half

1/3       a third

¼         a quarter

1/5       a fifth

1/8       an eighth

5/4       five quarters

3/19    three nineteenths or three over nineteen

1 2/3   one and two thirds

  • MATHEMATICAL PROCESSES

Addition                to add          +

Subtraction            to subtract    –

Multiplication          to multiply   x

Division                  to divide      :

Addition

2 + 2 = 4                    two and two is/ are/ comes up to four

625 + 542 = 1167   six hundred and twenty-five plus five hundred and forty-two is/ equals

one thousand, one hundred and sixty-seven

Subtraction

6 – 4 = 2                    six take away four leaves/ is two

267 – 194 = 73         two hundred and sixty-seven minus one hundred and ninety-four equals seventythree

Multiplication

4 x 6 = 24                  four times six is/ makes twenty-four

42 x 63 = 2646         forty-two multiplied by sixty-three equals two thousand, six hundred and forty-six

Division

24 : 6 = 4                   twenty-four divided by six equals four

  • BASIC FORMULAE (FORMULAS)

( ) brackets [ ] square brackets

A, B, C capital letters

a, b, c small letters

(a – b) (a + b) = y

a minus b in brackets times a plus b in brackets equals y.

a (6 – b) = x

a open brackets six minus b close brackets equals x.

x [(a – b) (a + b) – 7] = 0

x open square brackets a minus b in brackets times a plus b in brackets minus seven close

square brackets equals naught

TELEPHONE NUMBERS, EMAIL ADDRESSES

543 476 706    five four three four seven six seven oh (zero) six

234 226 589   two three four two two (double two) six five eight nine

EXERCISES: ENGLISH LANGUAGE

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