Home MATHEMATICS TOPIC 9: RATIO, PROFIT AND LOSS~ MATHEMATICS FORM 1

TOPIC 9: RATIO, PROFIT AND LOSS~ MATHEMATICS FORM 1

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Ratio

A ratio – is a way of comparing quantities measured in the same units
Examples of ratios
  1. A class has 45 girls and 40 boys. The ratio of number of boys to the number of girls = 40: 45
  2. A football ground 100 π‘š long and 50 π‘š wide. The ratio of length to the width = 100: 50
NOTE:Β Ratios can be simplified like fractions
  1. 40: 45 = 8: 9
  2. 100: 50 = 2: 1
A Ratio in its Simplest Form
Express a ratio in its simplest form
Example 1
Simplify the following ratios, giving answers as whole numbers
Solution
A Given Quantity into Proportional Parts
Divide a given quantity into proportional parts
Example 2
Express the following ratios in the form of
Solution
To increase or decrease a certain quantity in a given ratio, multiply the quantity with that ratio
Example 3
  1. Increase 6 π‘š in the ratio 4 ∢ 3
  2. Decrease 800 /βˆ’ in the ratio 4 ∢ 5
Solution
Profit or Loss
Find profit or loss
If you buy something and then sell it at a higher price, then you have a profit which is given by: Profit = selling price βˆ’ buying price
If you buy something and then sell it at a lower price, then you have a loss which is given by: Loss = buying price βˆ’ selling price
The profit or loss can also be expressed as a percentage of buying price as follows:
Percentage Profit and Percentage Loss
Calculate percentage profit and percentage profit and percentage loss
Example 4
Mr. Richard bought a car for 3, 000, 000/βˆ’ and sold for 3, 500, 000/βˆ’. What is the profit and percentage profit obtained?
Solution
Profit= selling price βˆ’ buying price = 3,500,000-3,000,000=500,000
Therefore the profit obtained is 500,000/-
Example 5
Eradia bought a laptop for
Solution
But buying price = 780, 000/βˆ’ and loss = buying price βˆ’ selling price = 780, 000 βˆ’ 720, 000 = 60, 000/βˆ’
Simple Interest
Calculate simple interest
The amount of money charged when a person borrows money e. g from a bank is called interest (I)
The amount of money borrowed is called principle (P)
To calculate interest, we use interest rate (R) given as a percentage and is usually taken per year or per annum (p.a)
Example 6
Calculate the simple interest charged on the following
  1. 850, 000/βˆ’ at 15% per annum for 9 months
  2. 200, 000/βˆ’ at 8% per annum for 2 years
Solution
Real Life Problems Related to Simple Interest
Solve real life problems related to simple interest
Example 7
Mrs. Mihambo deposited money in CRDB bank for 3 years and 4 months. A t the end of this time she earned a simple interest of 87, 750/βˆ’ at 4.5% per annum. How much had she deposited in the bank?
Solution
Given I = 87, 750/βˆ’ R = 4.5% % T = 3 years and 4 months
Change months to years

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